Marine Science and Climate change
Climate change is influencing terrestrial and marine ecosystems throughout the world, affecting the human wellbeing. In recent years, the effect of climate change has been reflected in numerous areas of human activity, creating numerous challenges for our society. Chile is currently facing this challenge of changing its environmental conditions, which includes natural disasters, changes in the spatial distribution of resources, increase in the frequency of extreme climatic events, but also new opportunities. How Chile is prepared to face these changes it can decide the fate of Chile and Chileans future generations. Climate change is a critical issue in Australia, since this country is seeing the immediate effects of a changing environment that is why learning from that experience is one of the keys to the challenge of facing the changes that are coming. This theme session seeks research dealing with causes and impacts of climate change on ecosystems, food security, health, economy, infrastructure, etc. at local, regional or global scales.
Sustainability and Natural Resources
Sustainable management of natural resources is a cross-cutting issue for Chile and Australia. Both countries have important parts of their economies based on natural resources (e.g., forestry, mining, fisheries), which creates an unique opportunity to share and develop experiences. In a global context of biodiversity loss, and competing interest in land use, exploitation of natural resources faces important challenges to increase the efficiency of current processes, while decreasing their environmental impacts. This means that sustainable management and the development of appropriate technologies are crucial to current and future generations’ success. Management of natural resources to ensure their sustainability demands a wide range of knowledge, ranging from the development of technologies such as the development of renewable energies to the management of resources and their exploitation. Therefore, this session seeks contributions to the understanding of biological/ecological, exploitation, socio-economic processes and technological development associated with resource management and conservation.
Humanities, Social Sciences and Art
Our world is immersed in a constant change, that implies social modifications, social movement, variations in the workplace, migrations phenomena, and change in our perception of the world. All these changes suggest a new perspective in the humanities, social sciences research and also a huge impact in our art. For example, sociology facing a massive migration process around the world, our country is not an exception. Since a psychological approach, families have today different conformation, single parents, same- gender parents, etc. these changes have an impact on individuals and society in general. Mental health problems are leading cause of non-fatal disease burden worldwide, and the majority of these problems are common in the working population. Workplace interventions to address mental health problems and develop healthy workplaces are an essential challenge for organisation. The increasing interdisciplinary work between artists and scientist generate social awareness of climate change. All these examples have strong legal, economic and social implications. Facing the challenges that come with our changing future necessarily involves understanding the social processes that we live and will live shortly in Chile. We have an ethical mandate to improve our society, families, workplaces to achieve a better place to live in our country.
Facing the challenges that come with our changing future necessarily involves the understanding of social processes and their complexity. Addressing the social dimension will make possible to move towards an equitable and resilient society. In this section, we seek to address these issues including, art in the context of change and social implications, sociological processes, psychological well-being, workplace improvement, economic and human resources studies, among many others.
Health is one of the main indicators of life quality at global level. While human life expectancy increases, so does population numbers, and movements, modifying the epidemiological context of human and animal populations. The current global scenario has enhanced the emergence of global disease outbreaks, but also the emergence of diseases at local scales crossing aspects of human, livestock and wildlife health. “One health” is a new multidisciplinary research focus that tries to bring together concepts of all over the biomedical sciences to face local and global challenges. Both countries, Chile and Australia have important study systems in human and animal health, while they have important epidemiological features, in particular geographical isolation and population structure which make them important models to share experiences in health and disease management to enhance the health status of their inhabitants. In this session we look for jobs that are within the biomedical area, ranging from the development of technologies to the treatment of human and animal diseases.